Nepal

everest-trekking

Travel Guide

Nepal is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of biodiversity due to its unique geographical position and altitudinal variation. The elevation of the country ranges from 60 m above sea level to the highest point on earth, Mt. Everest at 8,848 m, all within a distance of 150 km resulting into climatic conditions from Sub-tropical to Arctic.

It is a landlocked country located along the Himalayas and bordered to the north by China and to the south, east, and west by India. It is separated from Bangladesh by the narrow Indian Siliguri Corridor and from Bhutan by the Indian state of Sikkim. Kathmandu is the nation’s capital city and largest metropolis.

The mountainous north of Nepal has eight of the world’s ten tallest mountains, including the highest point on Earth, Mount Everest(Nepali: सगरमाथा). More than 250 peaks over 20,000 ft (6,096 m) above sea level are located in this country.The southern Madhesh region is fertile and humid.

Factsheet

• 2% of the flowering plants in the world;
• 8% of the world’s population of birds (more than 848 species);
• 4% of mammals on earth;
• 11of the world’s 15 families of butterflies (more than 500 species );
• 319 species of exotic orchids;
• 600 indigenous plant families;

Area

: 147,181 sq. km

Location

: Situated between China in the north and India in the south, east and west.

Capital

: Kathmandu

Population

: 23.1 Million

Language

: Nepali is the national language. However travel-trade people understand and speak English as well.

Currency

: Nepalese Rupee

Political System

: Multi-party democracy.

Religion

: Nepal is a secular state with a pre-dominance of Hindus and Buddhist population.

Climate

: Nepal has four major seasons, namely, (1) Winter: December-February, (2) Spring: March-May, (3) Summer: Jane-August, (4) Autumn: September-November. Nepal can be visited the whole year around.

People

: Nepal has more than 101 ethnic Groups and 92 spoken languages.

What to Wear

: Lightweight clothing is recommended for May through October. Warm garments are required in october-march. An umbrella or a raincoat is must for the rainy season.